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Home > Basics of Interior Designing
Basics of Interior Designing

Interior DesignInterior design is a multi-faceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied within a structure to achieve an attractive interior environment. These solutions are functional, enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants, and are aesthetically attractive. Designs are created in response to and coordinated with the building shell, and acknowledge the physical location and social context of the project. Interior design is the creative integration of form, materials, function, and aesthetics within interior space. Students develop an understanding of-and sensitivity to-history, future technology, environment, economics, architecture, and societal needs by exploring projects that develop aesthetic understanding, technical proficiencies, and preparation for professional certification and licensing. (Accredited by the Foundation for Interior Design Education Research).

The creative aspects of interior design can be exciting and fun, but never forget that it is also a business and you are the one who will have to live with the nished project. Your satisfaction with an interior design project depends a great deal on the designer you select and how well you work with him or her. By following the guidelines below, you can help ensure a good working relationship and a successful outcome. Interior design is the total creative solution for a programmed interior. It encompasses the conceptual planning, aesthetic and technical solutions applied to achieve the desired result. A "programmed interior" means a specific intended purpose or use of the built environment.
 
Many factors come into play in formulating the design solution. There is the space itself--its dimensions and construction--with its potential and its limitations. There is how the space will be used--for work or leisure, entertainment or worship, healing or learning. There is the meaning of the space, what it signifies--be it power, authority, security, wisdom, achievement, playfulness or serenity. There are practical considerations, like ease of access, amount of light, acoustics, seating and places to store or set things down. There are health and safety considerations, attention to special needs and more.

The elements of design range from the visual (color, lighting, form) to the tactile (surface, shape,  texture) to the auditory (noise, echo). The designer must have an aesthetic, practical and technical appreciation for these elements. He or she must understand how people use and respond to these elements, not just individually but as the elements interact with one another.

Designers must also be knowledgeable about the many types and characteristics of furnishings, accessories and ornaments used in creating interiors. Furniture, lighting, carpeting and floor covering, paint and wall covering, glass, wrought metal, fixtures, art and artifacts are just some of the many items and materials designers select from. In addition, they must be familiar with the various styles and history of styles of design, art and architecture.

Interiors are now regarded as the extension of one`s personality, so an interior designer should be a people`s person, able to read through his mind and craft accordingly.In recent times, in our country the concept of a house merely as a dwelling place has been pushed into oblivion. No longer do people want to live in buildings of nondescript nature, fitted with the basic utilities e.g kitchen, toilet, sleeping space etc. Today, everybody wants his her residence to be comfortable and look good as well. Owing to the upsurge in population, space comes at a premium. Hence it must be designed well so that maximum functions can be performed from constricted quarters.

Who are Interior Designers?
Interior DesignersThis term describes a professional approach to interiors that puts more emphasis on basic planning and functional design than decoration implies. Interior designers may work as individuals, in partnerships, or in firms that can grow quite large (with dozen of staff members).These last tend to work on larger projects in commercial, institutional, and office areas.

The term contract design is also used for this type of practice. It refers to the fact that components and construction work are arranged for under contracts, not simply bought at retail. Specialization is, perhaps unfortunately, an increasing fact of life in interior design. Some modern fields, such as health-care facilities, have become so complex as to demand specialization. Other fields, such as office design, do not require specialization but have nevertheless attracted a specialized practice.

The definition from the Board for Architects, Professional Engineers, Land Surveyors, Certified Interior Designers and Landscape Architects (APELSCIDLA Board) - "Interior design" by a certified interior designer means any service rendered wherein the principles and methodology of interior design are applied in connection with the identification, research, and creative solution of problems pertaining to the function and quality of the interior environment. Such services relative to interior spaces shall include the preparation of documents for non-load bearing interior construction, furnishings, fixtures, and equipment in order to enhance and protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public.

Interior designers enhance the function, safety, and quality of interior spaces of private homes, public buildings, and business or institutional facilities, such as offices, restaurants, retail establishments, hospitals, hotels, and theaters. They also plan the interiors of existing structures that are undergoing renovation or expansion. Most interior designers specialize. For example, some may concentrate on residential design, while others focus on business design. Still others may specialize further by focusing on particular rooms, such as kitchens or baths.

With a clients tastes, needs, and budget in mind, interior designers prepare drawings and specifications for non-load-bearing interior construction, furnishings, lighting, and finishes. Increasingly, designers are using computers to plan layouts, because computers make it easy to change plans to include ideas received from the client.

What interior designers do?
Interior Designer An Interior Designer plans and supervises the design and arrangement of interior spaces using specialized knowledge of interior construction, building codes, equipment, materials, and furnishings. The interior spaces may include offices, hospitals, libraries, museums restaurants, theaters, and private homes. An interior designer prepares drawings of the design of interior spaces to enhance and protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public. An interior designer order furnishings, contracts for and supervises the work of craft workers, and makes sure the furnishings are installed and arranged according to plan.

An Interior Designer is a trained professional who creates functional and quality interior environments. Qualified through education, experience and examination, a professional interior designer can identify, research and creatively resolve issues to design a healthy, safe and comfortable physical environment. Interior designers provide various services including: Consultation services to help determine project goals and objectives Generation of ideas for the functional and aesthetic possibilities of the space Creation of illustrations and renderings Development of documents and specifications relative to the interior spaces in compliance with building and safety codes Allocation, arrangement and organization of a space to suit its function Monitor and manage construction and installation of interior elements Selection of furnishings, fixtures, lighting, materials and colors Purchasing of products designing and managing fabrication of custom details, furnishings and lighting.

A decorator fashions the "look" of a space and its outward decoration-paint, fabric, furnishings, light fixtures and other materials. In addition to enhancing the total visual environment, an interior designer creates a space that is functional, efficient and safe.
Among the many areas of expertise a professional designer command is:

  • Space planning and utilization, including organizational and storage needs
  • Long-term project and lifestyle planning
  • National, state and local building codes
  • Safety and accessibility
  • Ergonomics
  • Design for people with special needs
  • Conservation and "green" design
  • Historic restoration
  • Interior detailing of background elements, such as wall and ceiling designs
  • Custom design of furniture, drapery and accessories
  • Selection of appliances, plumbing fixtures and flooring materials
  • Acoustics and sound transmission
  • Audiovisual and communication technology
  • Construction documents and specifications

Interior designers also design lighting and architectural details-such as crown molding, built-in bookshelves, or cabinets-coordinate colors, and select furniture, floor coverings, and window treatments. Interior designers must design space to conform to Federal, State, and local laws, including building codes. Designs for public areas also must meet accessibility standards for the disabled and the elderly.

Interior Designing as a Profession
Interior DesignerInterior design is an immensely rewarding profession. An earnings for interior designers varies widely depending on the type of design they do. Beginners monthly salary range between, Rs. 5000 to Rs. 8000 while established designers gets Rs.50, 000 to Rs. 75,000. Interior Design is a service profession, dealing largely with people and their needs. The demand for design services has grown rapidly. With that growth has come a wide range of specialties in both residential and non-residential design.

Interior design is a service profession that has been spurred by the emphasis of fashion interiors, changing life-styles and technology, recognition of special environmental needs, demographic changes, and growth in the housing market. Businesses that provide interior furnishings for home and industry have expanded their services to include skilled professionals able to interpret and respond to consumer needs. The interiors field affects not only the individual within the home environment but has become a critical factor in business and industry in providing functional and productive work environments.

Unlike most professions (medicine, law,and architeture, for example),interior design is not regulated by legal restrictions.No license or degree has been required to use the title and to practice.Some regulation to protect the public against incompetents has been introduced in some states, and perhaps such regulation will someday come into general acceptance. For limitations except  those imposed by ones own levels of skill and experience.Prospective clients, at least those who are Knowledgeable, may inquire about training ,experience, and certification For most people with career objectives in interior design, study in a good school is the most reliable route to full involvement in the field. It should be noted, however, that some well-known interior designers -including several who are impressive able-have developed their abilities without formal training.

Those who wish to learn about interior design outside the professional schools would most reasonably begin with the problems set by their own living circumstances. Most self taught interior designers have started with a room or two,perhaps desigining and redesigning the same space until the same space until they find workable, satisfying solutions. As experience develops, a sense of what training will  be most helpful and more meaningful when it follows or is simultaneous with practical experience. The learning process cannot stop at any fixed point, after reading a particular number of books or after graduating from even the finest of design schools .

Professional interior designersTypes of Professional Interior Designs
Professional interior design can be divided into two distinct specialties: residential design and nonresidential, or contract design. Residential design concerns the interiors of apartments and houses-that is, dwellings. Nonresidential design concerns public spaces such as concert halls, banks, offices, building lobbies, theaters, restaurants, hotels, and religious buildings. Many contract designers specialize in one or more of these areas.

Sometimes the architect and designer are one and the same, or an architect and an interior designer may collaborate on a project to create a single unified whole. More often, however, the designer works independently in an existing space, making cosmetic changes to the structure as necessary.

Professional designers normally work from a scale drawing, usually of an existing space that cannot be restructured, although minor architectural changes (location of doors, walls, electrical outlets, and lighting fixtures) may be involved. The designer creates effects with a wide variety of design components, including lighting, colors, fabrics, floor and wall finishes, custom functional and decorative elements (such as cabinetry or woodwork), and furniture. The designers final choices are guided by the clients tastes and budget, as well as the intended function of a given room.

All serious designers aim to achieve excellence in their work. While different designers may represent a variety of approaches and aesthetic attitudes, they share an understanding at some basic level of what excellence is. An excellent design satisfies three essential criteria: it works well, serving the needs and requirements of its users; it is well made of good, appropriate materials; it is aesthetically successful.

The professional interior designer is qualified by education, experience, and examination to enhance the function and quality of interior spaces for the purpose of improving the quality of life, increasing productivity, and protecting the health, safety, and welfare of the public.

The professional interior designer

  • Analyzes clients needs, goals, and life safety requirements

  • Integrates findings with knowledge of interior design.

  • Formulates preliminary design concepts that are aesthetic, appropriate, and functional, and in accordance with codes and standards.

  • Develops and presents final design recommendations through appropriate presentation media.

  • Prepares working drawings and specifications for non-load bearing interior construction, reflected ceiling plans, lighting, interior detailing, materials, finishes, space planning, furnishings, fixtures, and equipment in compliance with universal accessibility guidelines and all applicable codes.

  • Collaborates with professional services of other licensed practitioners in the technical areas of mechanical, electrical and load-bearing design as required for regulatory approval.

  • Prepares and administers bids and contract documents as the clients agent.

  • Reviews and evaluates design solutions during implementation and upon completion

Know if interior Design is for you as a profession ... ask yourself these questions....
Am I Creative?

Interior DesignerCreativity is a subtle, but important quality to have when considering interior decorating as a profession. Much of your advancement will depend on your ability to be original in your creative efforts to design any space. Clients will always want to keep a designer that can offer them something that nobody else has. You will also need to be able to turn whatever items that they already have into works of art. Sometimes clients do not want to change everything, or buy new furnishings and draperies; they simply want to make whatever they do have look and feel different. Creative thinking is the only thing that is going to help here.

Colors are your friend, and creativity can help you in setting colors against one another. Many decorators love to add color to a room and change things just using this method and perhaps adding accents to existing items. Accents in a room can vary. You can create a great space by adding throw pillows, valances, and vases. This is the perfect career choice for a person that likes to be creative abut not idle and/or isolated.

Am I Organized?
Believe it or not, Interior Decorators have to be extremely well organized to be able to handle all of the little details that go into doing a good job. You have to be able to keep track of your entire inventory, while keeping on top of other things also like, materials, tracking orders, employees, and making sure that you stay on or below the budget that your client set out for you. It is no easy feat to try and keep track of all the things that have to be done; especially when youve got people constantly surrounding you. You must monitor what everyone is doing and still manage to keep up on what you should be doing. Do not forget that you also have to appear calm because your clients will likely be asking you a great deal of questions. If you are scattered and panicked, it will be difficult to answer all the questions and look cool at the same time. The ability to know where everything is at, and where every person is at is another aspect of organization. It is very hard to keep jobs if you are constantly wondering where things and employees are. You will need to be very well organized if your design projects lead you to having to add or remove a room and/or wall. This type of work requires the use of blueprints. You must be able to read them as well as draw them up, you cannot do this without a great sense of organization.

How good am I at Problem Solving?
The ability to problem solve is a necessity for an Interior Designer. As an Interior Decorator, you will encounter glitches, and it is a must that you can deal with them. Many times, these glitches will need to be solved on the spot.

Your organizational skills will come in handy when you need to solve a problem as well. An organized workplace will help you to have an organized mind. Thoughts have a way of being cluttered when your workspace is likewise. Being able think quickly and under pressure is a definite asset to problem solving. Your problem is not going to get easier if it takes you too long to come up with a solution for it. Actually, waiting can just give the universe more time to make the problem get bigger.

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